Batik is hstorically derived from the days of our father,known since the seventeenth century,written and painted on palm leaves.. . At that time batik motif orpattern is still dominated by the shapes of animals and plants. But in the history of thedevelopment of batik have evolved, from painting motifs of animals and plantsslowly turned to abstract motif that resembles a cloud, temple reliefs, puppetsbeber and so on. Furthermore, through themerger of painting with the art of decorating style clothing, batik art emergeas we know it today.
Type and traditional batikpatterns belonging very much, but the pattern and its variations in accordancewith the philosophy and culture of each region are very diverse. Cultural treasures such a richnation Indonesia has prompted the birth of various styles and types of batiktradisioanal with the characteristics of its own specialty.
The development of Batik in Indonesia
The history of batik inIndonesia associated with the development of the Majapahit kingdom and thekingdom afterward. In some records, the developmentof batik is mostly done in times of Mataram kingdom, then in the kingdom ofSolo and Yogyakarta.
Batik art is art image on thecloth for clothing which became one of the family culture of the kings ofancient Indonesia. Initially batik is done only limitedin the palace alone and proceeds to dress the king and his family and hisfollowers. Because many of the followersof the king who lived outside the palace, the art of batik was brought by thepalace and carried them out in place of each.
The process of making batik
In the development of batikart gradually imitated by the people nearest and further extends the work ofwomen in the household to fill leisure time. Furthermore, batik clothesthat used only the royal family, then became a popular folk clothing, bothwomen and men.
White fabric that is used whenit is the result of homespun. Coloring materials are beingused consists of plants native to Indonesia made itself among others of: nonitree, tall, soga, indigo, and the material made from soda ash soda, and salt ismade of mud.
So this batik in Indonesia hasbeen known since the time of the Majapahit kingdom and continued to grow untilthe next kingdom. As for starting the spread ofthis batik art belongs to the people of Indonesia and Java in particular tribeis after the end of the eighteenth century or early nineteenth century. Produced batik batik is all upto the early twentieth century and printed batik is known only after the worldwar was over unity or about 1920. Now, batik has become part ofIndonesia's traditional clothing.
Although no official recordsbegan to be known when the batik in Pekalongan, but according to estimatesalready exist in Pekalongan batik around the year 1800. In fact, according to datarecorded at the Ministry, batik was made 1802, like a small tree motif in theform of clothing material.
However, a significantdevelopment expected to occur after a major war in the year 1825-1830 in thekingdom of Mataram are often referred to war or war Diponegoro Java. With the onset of this battleroyal family and urged his followers to leave many areas of the kingdom. They then spread toward the East and West. Later in the area - a new areathat the family and followers develop batik.
To the east of Solo andYogyakarta Batik batik patterns that have been perfected in Mojokerto andTulungagung to spread to Gresik, Surabaya and Madura. Batik is being developedwestward in Banyumas, Kebumen, Tegal, Cirebon and Pekalongan. Given this migration, thebatik Pekalongan preexisting growing.
Over time, Batik Pekalonganhave evolved considerably in comparison with other regions. In this area Batik developedaround the coastal areas, namely in the area of thecity and the region buaran pekalongan ,pekajangan and wonogiri
In connection with the severaltypes of batik motifs influence the results of these various countries thatbecame known as Pekalongan batik identity. Motive, namely batikJlamprang, inspired from India and Arabia. Then batik Encim andKlengenan, influenced by the Peranakan Chinese. Dutch batik, batik MorningAfternoon, and batik Hokokai, growing rapidly since the Japanese occupation.
Cultural development ofprinting techniques using dye lid motif night (candles) on the cloth which wasthen called batik, indeed inseparable from the influence of those countries. This shows the context offlexibility batik from time to time.
Pekalongan batik became highlydistinctive because it relies entirely on hundreds of small businesses, ratherthan on a handful of entrepreneurs have capital. Since decades ago until now,most of the production process Pekalongan batik done in homes. As a result, Pekalongan batikfused Pekalongan closely with community life which is now divided into twoadministrative regions, namely the Municipal and District PekalonganPekalongan.
Pekalongan batik tidaldevelopment, Pekalongan show worthy of being an icon for the development ofbatik in the archipelago. Icon for works of art thatnever gave up with the times and always dynamic. Now, batik has become a breathof everyday life Pekalongan residents and is one of the flagship product. This is because manyindustries that produce batik products. Because the product is famousfor its batik, Pekalongan known as BATIK CITY. The nickname comes from a longtradition rooted in Pekalongan. During that long period,various properties, the variety of uses, type design, and quality of batik isdetermined by the climate and the presence of fibers of local, historicalfactors, commerce and community readiness to accept and understand new ideas.
Batik is an art culture thatis admired the world, among the traditional variety produced by dye technologyhurdles, none of which can be present as beautiful and as smooth as batikPekalongan.
Batik is trully indonesian product 9 Out Of 10 Based On 10 Ratings. 9 User Reviews.
Ditulis oleh: iwansky - Selasa, 17 Januari 2012