In 1901the Dutch named the island on the south side of East Nusa Tenggara province isthe nickname of the island of Komodo. This story begins with Lt.Steyn va Hens Broek who tries to prove statements about the presence of Dutchtroops dragon looking like a monster on the island. Steyn then killed one ofthese dragons and bring documentation to the Museum and Botanical Garden inBogor to be investigated.

KomodoNational Park is a national park in Indonesia, located near the Lesser SundaIslands in the border region between the province of East Nusa Tenggara andWest Nusa Tenggara. 
Park includes three major islands of Komodo, Rinca, andPadar, as well as a number of other small islands and a total area reaches1,817 km ² (603 km ² land). This national park was established in 1980 to protectthe Komodo dragon. Then the national park is dedicated to protecting otherspecies, including marine species. The islands in the park originated from volcanicactivity.Approximately4000 people live inside the park. In 1991 the park was named UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Scubadiving is a popular water sport in the Park because of high seas biodiversity,including sharks, ocean sunfish, manta rays, eagle rays, tiny seahorse, falsepipefish, clown Frogfish, nudibranchs, blue-ringed octopus, sponges, tunicates, 
and corals. \ Since 1995, the national park authorityhas been supported by The Nature Conservancy (TNC), an American environmentalorganization. The new management plan in conjunction with TNC Authoredand implemented in 2000 to address the increasing problems of naturalresources, both marine and terrestrial.Mostof the pressure on marine fisheries resources come from the public andcommercial enterprises from outside the park. However, regulations and restrictions on the use ofresources affect the majority of residents in the park, which has little choiceto live and depend on what has ditawarkann park. Provision of alternative livelihoods is part of theoverall management strategy, but people in the park has not benefited from theappropriate steps in addressing their needs.

Development- largely marine-based - ecotourism is the main strategy to make the parkself-financing and generate sufficient revenue through entrance fees andtourism licenses to cover operational and managerial costs. 
Until now, a joint venture between TNC and a tourismagency to tour operators of concessions, which also extends to the right of thepark management. These concessions generate controversy continued. The joint venture has been accused of making unilateraldecisions, so many people around Komodo which states that the joint venturehave not been consulted about decisions that ultimately affect the lives ofpeople living on the island of Komodo and surrounding areas.

Themost in the spotlight of controversy caused by the death of some fishermensince the 1980s. 
The situation of the fishermen who died showed that theyseemed to be deliberately killed. conteste. While the parks patrol (including, police and navypersonnel) claim they acted in self-defense, while accusing the park managerswho intentionally kills fisherman.

KomodoNational Park continue to provide a sense of respect for the tourists, but theconflict between park management, TNC, and the local community continue to notfind a bright spot. 
Komodo National Parkhas been nominated and became one of 28 finalists to be one of the seven newwonders of the world. Mercury Development Solutions, a real estate developmentcompany based in Bali, is one of the companies active in the promotion andsupport for Komodo, to make it known in the international area. Kanawa Island, is the first step taken by the company toimprove the facilities and accommodations for guests, bringing to a highstandard of service and environmentally friendly

The presence of the Komodo National Park became oneof the popular vote competition nominees "New 7 Wonder" is currentlyquite inviting appeal. The controversy that accompanied the event certainly hasabsolutely no effect on intensive efforts to continue to preserve the park in1986 by UNESCO as world heritage site.
Komodo National Park is located between the provinceof West Nusa Tenggara and East Nusa Tenggara includes three major islands ofKomodo, Rinca, and Padar Island and several small islands with a land areacovering 603 km ² and the total area is 1817 km ². Administratively the area islocated within the District of Komodo, West Manggarai regency, East NusaTenggara Province. National Park is designated as a conservation area by theMinister of Forestry forest with an area of ​​132,572 ha is initiallyformed with the purpose of conserving species of giant lizard Komodo dragon ora unique and rare.

Komodo dragons are known by the scientific nameVaranus komodoensis is the world's largest lizard species that live on theisland of Komodo, Rinca, Flores, Gili Motang, and Gili Dasami in Nusa Tenggara.By local people, dragons are often called Ora.
Including family members Varanidae lizards, and kladToxicofera, dragons are the largest lizards in the world, with an averagelength of 2-3 m. Large size is associated with symptoms of island gigantism,the tendency for body meraksasanya certain animals that live on a small islandlinked to the absence of carnivorous mammals in the island where dragons live,and the rate of metabolism of small dragons. Because of her size, these lizardsoccupy the position of a top predator that dominate the ecosystems in whichthey live.
Komodo dragons are found in 1910. He was a great andterrible reputation that makes them popular in zoos. Dragons in the wildhabitat has shrunk and hence incorporate dragons IUCN as a species vulnerableto extinction. This large lizard is now protected under Indonesian law and anational park was established to protect them.
Actually Komodo National Park attraction not solelyby the mere presence of dragons. As I quoted from the official website of theMinistry of Forestry who manages the site of the Komodo National Park is,savanna and panoramic views of the sea is an attraction to potentialsupporters. Such as marine tourism, fishing, snorkeling, diving, canoeing,boating. While on land, natural tourism potential that can be done is observinganimals, hiking, and camping. Visit the Komodo National Park and enjoy thenatural scenery is extremely captivating experience that will never beforgotten.
Some sites of interest to visit include:
1. Loh Liang: a tourism concession areas managed byPT. Putri Naga Komodo (PNK PT.). Activities that can be done, among others,observing animals and dragons, deer, boar, bird watching, canoeing etc..
2. Red Beach: a beautiful shallow beach withbeautiful coral reefs. Activities commonly conducted by the tourists who visitare snorkeling or sunbathing.
3. Loh Sebita: Loh Sebita the mangrove areas andactivities are interesting enough to do bird watching and trekking.
4. Loh Crocodile: a tourism concession areas dielolaby PT. Putri Naga Komodo (PNK PT.). Activities that can be done, among others,observing animals and dragons, deer, buffalo, birds, long-tailed monkeys, wildhorses, bird watching, canoeing, etc..
5. The Island of Bats: Activities that can bevisited, among other observations bat colony in large enough quantities. Themost interesting observations made during the afternoon where the bats startedout to find food.
6. Golo Code: From the top of the hill known as GoloCode, visitors can see panoramas and landscapes is quite fantastic because therepresentation of various types of ecosystems can be seen from this place.
7. Molo Strait: Strait which has a swift current ofthe river that flows like water at high tide.
There are 36 dive sites in the area of ​​TN. Komodo. Frequentedby foreign tourists for diving and snorkeling namely: Tatawa Island, Red Beach,Gililawa Sea, Loh Dasami, Pillar Steen, Batu Bolong and Taka Napier.
To reach this place can be done by way Through theland through Bali - Mataram (Lombok P.) - Bima - Sape (Sumbawa P.), and thenforwarded to the course of using the ferry every day to Labuan Bajo. FromLabuan Bajo visitors can visit the Park use the boat or speedboat. Anotheralternative is through the air, visitors can use air transportation from Bali(Denpasar) to Labuan Bajo every day with the existing penerpangan airlinesincluding; Indonesian Air Transport (IAT), Pigeon, and Trigana

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Ditulis oleh: iwansky - Sabtu, 12 November 2011

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